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Batch Tutorial
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Ironside Offline
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Post: #1
Batch Tutorial
To start off there is the @echo off/on
and there is echo
and pause

so here is an example

type this in notepad and save as test.bat
launch it
it will look like this

Quote:Hello This is a test
Press any key to continue...

Again open notepad and write:

Quote:@echo on
echo Hello This is a test
pause

and save it on the desktop as test2.bat
launch it , it will look like this
>

So for the explanation
@echo off/on:
if you put @echo on it will show the directory as you just saw
if you put @echo off it will just show the words with no directories
so its best to use @echo off

echo:
If you want to type a simple phrase just type in echo and something in this case echo Hello This is a test
which will show Hello This is a test

pause
pause will pause the batch file,if you press a key the batch will continue in this case it will exit because there is no more left
so try this

Quote:@echo off
echo Hello This is a test
pause
echo I am testing pause
pause

This will show

Quote:Hello This is a test
Press Any Key To Continue...
(when you press a key it will show)
I am testing a pause
Press Any key to continue..

so that convers the pause command

Now some more commands
there is msg *
and there is cls

open notepad and write:

and save as test3.bat

This will show

Quote:Hello This is a test
Press Any Key To Continue...
(when you press a key it will show)
cls
(the page will clear)
I am testing a pause
(a pop-up will show saying The End)
Press Any key to continue..

So .. cls will just clear the screen
and msg * will bring up a pop-upBig Grin

other commands are REM and goto and start
so create a folder name it Test
put any picture inside and name it testpic
open notepad and type

Quote:@echo off
echo Testing start and rem
rem title Test
start testpic.jpg (or any other extension)
pause

and save it inside the new folder as test4.bat

launch it , it will show:

so start will launch any file
and rem is a remark.. which wont show in the bat file when running

now the goto and set and if

type this inside notepad

Quote:@echo off
echo This is a test
echo If you want to do math type 1 and press enter
echo If you want to see a picture type 2 and press enter
set /p option=
if '%option%'=='1' goto :math
if '%option%'=='2' start testpic.jpg (or any extension)

:math
echo 2+2
pause

and save it inside the new folder

this will show

Quote:This is a test
If you want to do math type 1 and press enter
if you want to see a picture type 2 and press enter
(here you can type 1 or 2 and press enter)
(if you press 2 and Enter the picture will load)
(if you press 1 and enter this will show up):
2+2
Press any key to continue...

so goto will go to a Label or a Part of the file
when you put :Math
a new label will be named Math and when you put goto :math
the batch will go to :math

set
the set option will set something Big Grin.. here its going to set :choice
the set is , in some options followed by if
so if I type 1 in this example
the "choice" will be 1 .. and it will go to :math because we put
if '%choice%'=='1' goto :math
so if we put 1 the choice will be 1 therefore it will goto :math

anyway those are the basics..
stay on hackforums.net and wait for more batch tutorials.. next time it will be more advanced

Helloo!!!..Cool..First go read my batches for n00bs tutorial.. it got the basics.. anyway.. let me start

i am going to talk about call,exit,and SHIFT?

go into notepad and type this

and save in a new folderSmile

then open note pad and type this again

Quote:@echo off
echo I Love S*X
pause

and save in the same folder that you save the last one... and name it call.bat

launch the first one
this will show

Quote:yay me i know the basics of batch
I Love S*X
Press Any Key To Continue....
(when you press a key the below will appear)
Press Any Key To Continue...
and when you press a key it will exit

ok.. so now you know what exit does.. it exits the file Imao
and call ,calls in another batch file!!..
so now for SHIFT which is a little hard so try to understand

SHIFT [/n]

If Command Extensions are enabled the SHIFT command supports the /n switch which tells the command to start shifting at the nth argument, where n euh.. can be between zero and eight.
just like this 1 below

SHIFT /2

would shift %3 to %2, %4 to %3, etc. and leave %0 and %1 ..euh.. how can i say it.. .Confused.. unaffected yea thats the word .

Examples

the below has got to be saved as .bat.. so just name it testSmile

@ECHO OFF
ECHO - %1
SHIFT
ECHO - %1

After creating the above example test.bat file, if you were to type the below command at the MS-DOS prompt, it would print "- ONE" and then "- TWO"; this command is commonly used to work through each of the command extensions or remove command extensions.
(SHIFT , i mean the explanation... i got it from a website and edited it)

Ok I hope you understand

ok thats it for now.. ill post a Batch Features Later

Hello... please read the 2 tutorials before i will talk in this one about a lot of features here we go!Big Grin..
first we will learn how to launch windows applications:
type in notepad:

This will show

Quote:i am testing notepad
(and notepad will start minimized.. if you put /MAX instead of /MIN it will launch maximized)
Press Any Key To Continue

Now lets learn how to put a timeout inside a batch..

goto notepad and type:

Quote:@echo off
echo i am trying timeout
set wait=0
:pause1
set /a wait=%wait%+1
if %wait% leq 1000 goto pause1
echo IT WORKED!\
pause

dont understand the command.. just copy paste it.. or memorize it .. if i tell you the explanation it will take years!!..

so this will show :

Now ill teach you how to change the TIME

goto notepad and type:

Quote:@echo off
echo Gee!.. i wonder what time it is!!
TIME 5:50
echo Oh so its 5:50
pause

this will show:

Quote:Gee!.. i wonder what time its is!!
Oh so its 5:50

The TIME will just change The TIME:PImao

Now the Color

go into notepad and type this

04=background black and font red
f the font will be white
4f = background red and f = white

Here are the list(that can be found by cmd>color help)
0=black
1=blue
2=green
3=aqua
4=red
5=purple
6=yellow
7=white
8=gray
9=light blue
a=light green
b=light aqua
c=light red
d=light purple
e=light yellow
f=bright white

So this will show Imao
i wont tell try it!!.Tongue

now the title

type this in notepad

Quote:@echo off
tile Test
echo trying the title
pause

this will show the title Test When you launch it!!

lets try Shutdown/Restart

type this in Notepad
Quote:@echo off
START C:\Windows\RUNDLL.EXE user.exe,exitwindowsexec
exit

The above will restart

The Above will Shutdown

But you can also simply use the shutdown command instead.
11-12-2010 04:18 PM
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MagicMan Offline
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Post: #2
RE: Batch Tutorial
nice. thanks for the lesson
MagicMan
12-09-2010 07:20 PM
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Ironside Offline
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Post: #3
RE: Batch Tutorial
You are welcome, feel free to ask if you'll have any questions.
12-10-2010 01:57 PM
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